avocado yield per hectare in south africa

And that is very good news for South Africa’s farmers, struggling with drought, who are switching to a crop whose farm-gate price has risen 130percent since 2008. If you subtracted production costs – for irrigation and fertiliser - of around R25,000 per hectare per year, that is still a lot of money. Techniques such as drip irrigation, which drips water slowly on to the soil, and planting orchids on ridges to reduce surface run-off help to make the most of the water available. Explore detailed information about South Africa's Avocado market. South Africa's agricultural sector is recovering from the worst drought in almost a century. The Cultivation of Avocado. The global production is estimated at 76% in America, 11% in Africa, 9% in Asia and 2% in Europe and in the South Pacific totaling to about 600,000 metric tons per year. According to Dr. Andre Ernst of Allesbeste Nursery, in South African conditions the best Hass production is 12-15 tonnes per hectare, but Maluma "easily exceeds that". endobj The production of avocados in South Africa is estimated to decrease by 25 percent to 127,000 Metric Tons (MT) in the 2018/19 Marketing Year (MY), due to the fall in yields, premature fruit drop, and the cyclical on-year and off-year nature of avocado production. Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. Usually, the average yield in Kenya is 87,780 fruits per hectare. “Forestry plantations are being felled and cleared and avocados planted,” said Derek Donkin, chief executive of the South African Subtropical Growers’ Association. Skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour to purple/black when ripe/ready to eat. A well distributed rainfall in excess of 1 000 mm p.a. The Hass avocado, is a cultivar of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin. In the vast majority of cases, Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. South Africa: Avocado volumes too low to make profit. 4 0 obj Already, South Africa generates around R1.85billion a year from avocados, producing around 125000 tons and exporting more than half to Europe. Yields vary from eight to 10 metric tons per hectare (MT/Ha) or more depending on the level of technology used. Wholesale Price Change. Consequently, most older orchards in South Africa were initially planted with four times the number of trees compared with 50 to 100 mature trees after final thinning. h*�3X:m�.�}�����ZށHc�&�K'�V:�θ��X�U The mist-belt areas of South Africa are especially suitable in this regard. %PDF-1.5 Order form: ARC-TSC Book catalogue. You can discover details including real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. In Africa, farmers can reach 20 tons of avocado per hectare, with a higher percentage of export-quality avocado. A worker sorts avocados at a farm factory in Mbombela, Mpumalanga, near the Swaziland border, earlier this month. In the UK, a bacon and avocado sandwich is the biggest-selling sandwich. Large areas of old "Fuerte " orchards exist in South Africa, and their low tree number per hectare and huge tree size makes them difficult to manage. Best yields can be as high as 20 tonnes to the hectare. Even the wines famously grown in the Cape provinces may one day have to move aside for the avocado. South African avocado production … Donkin said the rate could hit as much as 2000 hectares a year within the next few years. This is due to the extensive penetration of avocado cultivation among small holder farmers and the complimentary growing conditions. In 2008, they fetched an average R9.64 per kg; in 2017 it was R22.10. In 2008, they fetched an average R9.64 per … Waltham variety matures 90 to 100 days after transplanting and can yield five to six tonnes per acre. All avocado cultivars grown commercially in South Africa are sensitive to water stress. Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. Skin does not yield to pressure easily – once soft or shriveled, fruit is overripe. The humidity should exceed 50 % at 14:00. Traditionally, avocados were grown in humid sub-tropical climates in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, but now they are being planted in the drier Eastern Cape and Western Cape provinces. Low yields are often the result of: poor management of phytophthora root rot disease; poor management of soil moisture It exports around 80percent of its 260 hectares’ worth of avocados - and is planning to expand by another 120 hectares. JOHANNESBURG - Whether you like to squash it on to your toast in the morning, millennial-style, eat it to cut your cholesterol with healthy unsaturated oil, or moisturise your face with it - if you live in the West, you’re probably rarely far from an avocado. “Traditionally, no one would ever dream about planting down there, but you need to pioneer - much like this farm was pioneered more than 100 years ago,” said Craig Lewis, an executive at the producer HL Hall & Sons on a farm near Nelspruit. Skin does not yield to pressure easily – once soft or shriveled, fruit is overripe. 1 0 obj 2 0 obj SAAGA has a membership of about 500 growers, accounting for ± 85% of avocado production in South Africa. contact us for more information. • The pH value (in water) of avocado soils should be between 5,0 and 7,0. The trees average more than 20 tonnes per hectare in South Africa, and are yielding 10 to 15 per cent greater than Hass in Chile. An annual rainfall exceeding 1 000 mm is desirable, and it should be well distributed, with the only dry period in June and July. endobj “Green skins are still popular in South Africa alongside the black skins. With Hass, I’m on the market for three months of the year, but if [the price] is down for two of those months, my profitability is eroded. Atlas F1 variety when mature yields fruits weighing two to three kilos each with potential yields of 12 to 18 tonnes per acre. Expected yields. While the average yield is influenced by many factors including climate, variety and the age of the plantation, typical yields of Hass avocado, for example, reach 20-30 tons per hectare on a yearly average. Already, South Africa generates around 1.85 billion rand ($137 million) a year from avocados, producing around 125,000 tonnes and exporting more than half to Europe. Rainfall. This can partly be attributed to market forces. The yield per hectare, 8.8 tonnes, is higher than for countries like Chile and Peru. <> Fruit Size Small to medium (140 – 350g) – large fruit an exception. The Cultivation of Avocado. It takes six years to get an avocado plantation into production, but that is not putting farmers off. The production of avocados in South Africa is estimated to decrease by 25 percent to 127,000 Metric Tons (MT) in the 2018/19 Marketing Year (MY), due to the fall in yields, premature fruit drop, and the cyclical on-year and off-year nature of avocado production. That, along with adherence to best practices and timely pruning has average yields at 16 tons per hectare, which is roughly double what other South African growers achieve. On a smaller scale, Tom Mdluli manages 188 employees on a 6000-hectare community farm in Mpumalanga owned by a Trust. Most of the avocado production in Michoacán occurs in small orchards of just five to ten hectares. South Africa is currently the largest macadamia producer in the world with 19,500 hectares under cultivation, producing over 50,000 tonnes per year. All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress. From 10 to 12 years old trees, the yield can be expected from 300 to 400 fruits per tree. Rwanda yields some 21 metric tons per hectare that is nearly double that of Kenya. Maluma is said to be acceptably mature a month earlier than Hass - at least under South African conditions. South Africa: Avocado volumes too low to make profit. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. The South African Avocado Growers Association (S AAGA) was formed in the late 1960's. The mist-belt areas of South Africa are especially suitable in this regard. Skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour to purple/black when ripe/ready to eat. Only at great cost and over a long period will it be possible to change pH values below 3,5 to make the soils suitable for avocado production. “Although South Africa is planting 1000 hectares a year, we would like to plant a lot more,” Lewis said. In Israel, “Duke” has borne 168 pounds of 3 1/2- to 7-ounce avocados a year from its sixth to 15th year of production. Large areas of old "Fuerte " orchards exist in South Africa, and their low tree number per hectare and huge tree size makes them difficult to manage. Additionally, choose a cultivar that will be early or late bearing t… The yield depends on the variety, age of the tree and farm management practices. All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress. The trees were planted in 1995, with yields collected from 1997 to 1999. �t3M��x�U� �C��������t�ȶ���n�|�[9�����6���Xt�6�sT$��;#�!�����;Y�Mdu�M֝=>ԋ"��Ipu�Q���&7�zI�E�S��i��ȗE�"uf�� V�� ��+ХVm��ܻM9[��Oِǭ�XABgw@��b&A�/�YMI]ٺ:�4M��$l}�+Ʊr�pI{ tPLByH+~���3�9[��3v,:�S]OI}R$S��ʂ�b�)����%�}m����m}=M���� �N�T�8.���@�)�ʻ� �d:Ɂj�N�r�.��ã�z��=��V?/�Z+�ʿ��w�(���ZI�!r��K >%�=)IB��֭�n[�`d�z���k�*�3P����cDQ�*� �%��vaM;aCDz�Tu8*�qo(H�u>��n�H�`Fh�O 5O���t��#W5�$��|:ƹ`�T���ܤk�-�H�굑�Β�TH�/#�(�.��r�f�zImčj�ٮ*ݶD�^Ԯ^Z��=J��K��C����WA�]��{C��G:u��+�ˇ�&9ZM���;�S�6��)������6��1C�����O���. production, followed by Jalisco and Mexico, with 9.2 and 4.5 percent respectively. ... A good crop on a normal Hass avocado would give 15-16 tonnes per hectare, the Maluma can yield in excess of 20 tonnes per hectare." Rainfall. The price can go from €14 (R226) per 4kg box during the lower season to €8 (R129) in peak production. There are currently about 16500 hectares of avocado plantations, and that area is growing by about 1000 hectares a year. Proper pest and disease control, plant density and soil fertility are the major factors affecting the yields of hass avocado. The seeds are available in 10g, 25g, 50g, 100, 250g, 500g at certified agro-vets. In Africa, farmers can reach 20 tons of avocado per hectare, with a … “They swop the annual crops like maize, cotton and alfalfa for more permanent crops,” said Wessel Lemmer, senior agricultural economist at Absa Bank. Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. for less than an acre you can buy seedlings from us and advice you how t take care of them. “There are also areas that were either bush or some grazing that have been planted to avocados.”. All rights reserved, Please visit the official Government information portal for Coronavirus by clicking HERE. Characteristics In the domestic market, there is also opportunity to increase avocado consumption. So, in the above example there is a need for 560 000 litres (0.56 megalitres) per hectare for the month of November. is desirable, although most avocado production regions experience a dry period during flowering. A well distributed rainfall in excess of 1 000 mm p.a. Some farmers have Avocado is presently grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions up to 43° latitude north and south of the equator. In the vast majority of cases, endobj The yield per hectare, 8.8 tonnes, is higher than for countries like Chile and Peru. The firm hopes that its trial plantation in the Western Cape - hit hard by drought this year - might allow it to extend what is now a six-month season to 10 months, to supply a global year-round demand. Some farmers have The Hass avocado, is a cultivar of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin. Similarly, other cultivars are more in demand for export or local markets and as such, the choice needs to be made between green-skinned and black-skinned types. <> hello Robert, hass avocado farming does very well in Mugoiri Muranga, once you pay 40k per acre its inclusive of all expenses including soil testing, grafted hass seedlings,planting, monitoring for the three months and also connecting you with the market. The average yield across all Australian orchards is a low 9t/ha. © 2020 Independent Online and affiliated companies. According to Dr. Andre Ernst of Allesbeste Nursery, in South African conditions the best Hass production is 12-15 tonnes per hectare, but Maluma "easily exceeds that". • On average, sunflowers account for approximately 3.8% of the total area cultivated in South Africa (which is estimated at 13.2 million hectares). “Benik” yields about 116 pounds of medium to large avocados a year. Maluma is said to be acceptably mature a month earlier than Hass - at least under South African conditions. Already, South Africa generates around R1.85billion a year from avocados, producing around 125000 tons and exporting more than half to Europe. Fruit Size Small to medium (140 – 350g) – large fruit an exception. In essence, in South Africa, sunflowers are currently regarded as a favourable crop under conditions of low-input farming, where the yields are more resilient relative to other crops. The yield of an Avocado Fruit: Read: Post Harvest Techniques for Fruits; Vegetables. South Africa’s per capita consumption is 0,8kg/person, one of the lowest in the world. … <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> An annual rainfall exceeding 1 000 mm is desirable, and it should be well distributed, with the only dry period in June and July. 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