Why, according to Fitzhugh, are capitalists and slaves free? As noted in the answer to question 9, Fitzhugh portrays slaves as happy, content, secure, and at ease with life. Employers are free because they do not work; they profit from the toil of other people. The PDF includes excerpts from the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass and Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl from which students can mine evidence to deploy against Fitzhugh. 100% Free AP Test Prep website that offers study material to high school students seeking to prepare for AP exams. 1787-1860 American Pageant (Kennedy)Chapter 16 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 11 America’s History (Henretta) Chapter 12 THE SOUTH & SLAVERY • The South remained politically, culturally, and ideologically distinct from the north. Annotation: By 1860, slave labor was becoming an exception in the New World, confined to Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, some small Dutch colonies, and the South. It may be true, that among the wealthier slave-owners there is oftener a humane disposition, a better judgment, and a greater ability to deal with their dependents indulgently and bountifully, but the effects of this disposition are chiefly felt, even on those plantations where the proprietor resides permanently, among the slaves employed about the house and stables, and perhaps a few old favourites in the quarters. To treat free laborers badly and unfairly, is universally, Early Visual Representations of the New World, Failed European Colonies in the New World, Successful European Colonies in the New World, Benjamin Franklin’s Satire of Witch Hunting, Lexington & Concord: Tipping Point of the Revolution, America, the Creeks, and Other Southeastern Tribes, America and the Six Nations: Native Americans After the Revolution, The Expansion of Democracy During the Jacksonian Era, Individualism in Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “Self-Reliance”, Aylmer’s Motivation in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Birthmark”, Thoreau’s Critique of Democracy in “Civil Disobedience”, “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”, “The Chinese Question from a Chinese Standpoint,” 1873, “To Build a Fire”: An Environmentalist Interpretation, The Radio as New Technology: Blessing or Curse? Abolitionism was a morally grounded and uncompromised movement during the 17th and 18th centuries. 4/9/18 1 1844-1877 REVIEWED! The children and the aged and, 4. were they plentifully provided for in every way, but they are saving money to use as they may, find best in coming years--and withal they seem, as happy as lords. prohibited debate or action on antislavery appeals; driven throught eh House by pro-slavery Southerners, the gag resoultion passed every year for eight years, eventually overturned with the help of John Quincy Adams. Pro-Slavery Arguments: The Biblical Argument Digital History ID 280. How might that word affect his pro-slavery readers? George Fitzhugh’s “Universal Law Of Slavery” Although George Fitzhugh said that “the negro race is inferior to the white race,” he viewed slavery as a practice … That it governs him far, better than free laborers at the North are, governed. Why or why not? Or Slaves Without Masters, 1857, excerpts. justice that the white should, for that reason. George Fitzhugh, Cannibals All! Chapter 11: Cotton, Slavery and the Old South 2. Abolitionist played a key role in setting the terms of debate over slavery and in making it a compelling moral issue. his anti-slavery readers? Why are slaveowners and laborers not free? Encourage students to challenge Fitzhugh’s definition of freedom. Above all, they would be free from the fear of being separated because of a master’s financial needs, stipulations in his will, or mere whim. 2. APUSH Lecture Ch. The central question is what form of society most effectively curbs their appetites. Pro_and_Anti_Slavery_Arguments.docx - 19th Century Arguments on Slavery Document George Fitzhugh Specific arguments in favor of slavery White, He says that the negro is improvident. Society has the right to prevent this and can only do so by subjecting him to domestic slavery. Thus capitalists in the North endeavor to make “respectable” livings by squeezing the greatest amount of work out of laborers for the least amount of pay, only to abandon them when they cease to be useful. Pushing Slavery Into New Regions for Farming and Ranching. The second prepares them to write an essay, an argument from authority, refuting Fitzhugh’s case. The student’s version, an interactive PDF, contains all of the above except the responses to the close reading questions and the follow-up assignment. Lakewood High School, Lakewood • APUSH 11, Period 2 16071754 planting Colonies (2017).pptx, Copyright © 2021. The pro-slavery argument was that slavery was actually a moral practice in that slaves were treated better than factory workers in the North. They work well and cheerfully, in the day, and at night, during the holidays, potatoes, drink hard cider, sit around big kitchen, fires, "laugh and grow fat," regardless of all the, "tomfoolery" and nonsense about the "poor, Specific Counterarguments to the Proslavery, Abraham Lincoln says that for instance suppose. A 1929 Debate, The Marshall Plan Speech: Rhetoric and Diplomacy. Fitzhugh sees humans solely as economic entities. He believed that civilization depended upon the exploitation of labor. When he refers to $50,000 commanding “three thousand dollars worth of labor per annum,” he is referring to the income that might be obtained from investing $50,000. From an anti-abolitionist, pro-slavery cartoon, 1800. via Library of Congress. But, reader, well may you follow the slave trade. It also kept the number of free and slave states even preventing the balance from being tipped in favor of slavery. Terms. The first allows students to explore vocabulary in context. Is that an adequate basis for a moral order? With an argument that was as much a critique of industrialism as it was a defense of slavery, Southern spokesmen contended that chattel slavery, as it was practiced in the American South, was more humane than the system of “wage slavery” that prevailed in the industrial North and Great Britain. Course Hero, Inc. During the three decades that preceded the Civil War abolitionism was a major factor in the demise of slavery. For permission requests, please contact Andy Mink, Vice President for Education Programs. How different in their response to the demand to make a profit were Southern plantations from Northern factories? Lucio_Santella. The word “boast” would probably go a long way in winning over Fitzhugh’s pro-slavery readers. Selecting passages to serve as evidence and providing rationales for those choices offer an excellent opportunity for small group work. N greedy, destructive, factories horrific, cities crowded + immigrant filled- but S stable, orderly, protected worker welfare iv)Defense also on biological inferiority of blacks, inherently unfit to … However burdened, Northern laborers would, unlike the enslaved, be free to marry legally, start families, and live together in a single household. This lesson is divided into two parts, both accessible below. Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ppmsca-08346. Nat Turner (1831) visionary black preacher who led a slave rebellion in Virginia, killing sixty Virginians. National Humanities Center | 7 T.W. Note: When Fitzhugh refers to labor giving “value to wealth,” he is referring to deriving income from capital. Kylie1079. If the slave system was so good for slaves, why did they spend considerable time and energy trying to undermine and escape it? The negro slaves of. It is the interest of the capitalist and the skillful to allow free laborers the least possible portion of the fruits of their own labor, for all capital is created by labor, and the smaller the allowance of the free laborer, the greater the gains of his employer. It also makes us realize just how much of an in-your-face word “boast” is as Fitzhugh uses it. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. 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